Table 3

A multivariable analysis of covariates associated with patient adherence to home-based TB treatment, n=282 (139 intervention, 143 control), Northwest Ethiopia, 2020

VariablesAdherenceARR (95% CI)P value
YesNo2-tailed1-tailed
Sex
 Male106 (72.6)40 (27.4)0.965 (0.651 to 1.431)0.966 (0.694 to 1.343)0.862
 Female99 (72.8)37 (27.2)11
Literacy
 Unable to read and write61 (71.8)24 (28.2)0.921 (0.588 to 1.443)0.921 (0.632 to 1.342)0.720
 Able to read and write144 (73.1)53 (26.9)11
Residence
 Urban154 (73.0)57 (27.0)1.306 (0.602 to 2.830)1.306 (0.682 to 2.499)0.499
 Rural51 (71.8)20 (28.2)11
Wealth index
 Lowest69 (69.7)30 (30.3)0.957 (0.508 to 1.801)0.957 (0.563 to 1.627)0.891
 Second24 (70.6)10 (29.4)0.653 (0.351 to 1.216)0.653 (0.388 to 1.100)0.179
 Middle44 (80.0)11 (20.0)0.759 (0.369 to 1.558)0.758 (0.415 to 1.388)0.452
 Fourth27 (71.1)11 (28.9)0.649 (0.262 to 1.608)0.649 (0.303 to 1.390)0.350
 Highest41 (73.2)15 (26.8)11
Health facility type
 Health centre149 (73.7)53 (26.3)1.047 (0.675 to 1.623)1.047 (0.724 to 1.512)0.839
 Hospital56 (70.0)24 (30.0)11
Randomisation
 Intervention110 (79.1)29 (20.9)1.633 (1.089, 2.448)1.632 (1.162*)0.018†
 Control95 (66.4)48 (33.4)11
  • *The upper bound CI was not reported as a superiority design.

  • †Reported a one-tailed p value for the superiority hypothesis. All the rest of the p values were two tailed.

  • ARR, adjusted relative risk; TB, tuberculosis.